• COCKROACHES: FACTS, IDENTIFICATION & CONTROL

     

    Cockroaches belong to Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta and Order Blattaria. Some species invade human dwellings and are considered pests. Others are beneficial to the environment as important recyclers of decaying organic material. The pest cockroaches can be carriers of various diseases because they are commonly found near waste deposits or in the kitchen, where food is present. Restaurants may also experience cockroach infestations.

    Cockroaches can measure over 50 cm (2 in) length, with tropical species tending to be larger than those found in other climates. Roaches have six legs, two antennae and some have wings. However, most winged cockroaches are not particularly adept at flying.

    Cockroaches emit unpleasant odors and may also produce sound. The Madagascar hissing cockroach is the most famous of these vocal roaches, although more common species may produce quieter clicking or chirping noises.

    Roaches can wreak havoc on your home. To win the war in cockroach control, here’s what you should know:

    Entry:

    Cockroaches can enter your home in many different ways, from the outside through cracks and crevices, vents, sewer and drain pipes. We even bring them in on products like grocery bags, boxes, purses and on our person!

    Ideal environment:

    Your home is an ideal breeding ground for certain pest species of cockroaches. With plenty of food, warmth, water and nesting sites, they can remain active all year round.

    Reproduction:

    Cockroaches reproduce quickly. For every one you see there can be many, many more hiding and multiplying behind your walls.

    Evasiveness:

    Because cockroaches typically are nocturnal, if you’ve seen one, you probably haven’t seen them all. The few cockroaches you see by day could mean they were likely forced out by overcrowding; a possible sign of severe infestation.

    Allergies/Asthma:

    The debris created by cast-off cockroach skins, dead bodies and droppings can aggravate allergies, especially in children and sensitive individuals.

    Information

    • Cockroaches have been around since the time of dinosaurs!
    • A cockroach can live almost a month without food.
    • A cockroach can live about two weeks without water.
    • Some female cockroaches only mate once and stay pregnant for life!
    • A cockroach can live for up to one week without its head!
    • Cockroaches can hold their breath for up to 40 minutes! Cockroaches can run up to 3 miles an hour.

    American Cockroach

    The American cockroach is the largest cockroach found in houses. Females can hatch up to 150 offspring per year. Cockroaches don’t get their wings until they become adults. American cockroaches will eat just about anything, including plants and other insects. American cockroaches live in warm, dark, wet places, because they need to be near water. They are often found in sewers and basements, around pipes and drains.

    Brown-Banded Cockroach:

    Brown banded roaches get their name from the two light bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. The male’s wings are larger than the female’s wings.

    Brown banded roaches often hide their eggs in or under furniture. They usually live 5-6 ½ months. Brown banded cockroaches prefer to eat starchy foods, such as wallpaper paste and book bindings. Sometimes they’ll eat non-organic things, like nylon stockings! Brown banded cockroaches prefer warmer, drier, and higher locations than most roaches. While most cockroaches prefer to live in kitchens and pantries, Brown banded roaches will live in any room in the house. They do not need much moisture and avoid light whenever the can. Cockroaches crawl through dirty areas and then walk around our homes tracking in lots of bacteria and germs. They can contaminate food by shedding their skins. Their casts off skin and waste byproducts are allergens that can trigger allergic reactions, asthma and other illnesses, especially in children.

    German Cockroach:

    German roaches can be found all over the world. They are the most common cockroach in the United States. Each German cockroach can live about 100-200 days. Cockroaches are attracted to sweet and floury foods. They also eat non-organic items such as toothpaste and books! German cockroaches live in warm and damp places, like kitchens, bathrooms, and places where people eat and drink.

    Oriental Cockroach:

    Oriental roaches probably get their names from trade ships but they are actually from Africa. They are large and very dark compared to other cockroaches. They usually travel through sewer pipes and drains. They prefer dirty places and cooler temperatures than other cockroaches. An Oriental cockroach creates a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the cockroaches. Oriental cockroaches feed on all types of garbage and other organic material. Oriental cockroaches also live in sewers and wet, decaying areas, such as basements and crawlspaces, firewood and piles of leaves.

    PREVENTION

    Keep your home clean and dry.

    Vacuum often and seal cracks in and around your house.

    If you see cockroaches, it is best to call a pest management professional due to the illnesses they can spread.

     

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